A health care professional who is providing health care services to an individual can request that the individual undergo a genetic test. See 29 CFR 2590.702-1(c)(2).
A plan can obtain and use the results of a genetic test for making a determination regarding payment. However, the plan is permitted to request only the minimum amount of information necessary to make the determination. See 29 CFR 2590.702-1(c)(4).
Exception for research: a plan or issuer may request, but not require, that a participant or beneficiary undergo a genetic test if the request is pursuant to research and several conditions are met. See
29 CFR 2590.702-1(c)(5).