Narcotic analgesics are the most effective compounds used for pain relief. Narcotic analgesics include Opium, Opiates (morphine, codeine, percodan, heroin and dilaudid) and Opioids (synthetic substitutes such as vicodin, darvon, demerol and methadone).
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF USE
Narcotics initially produce a feeling of euphoria that is often followed by:
- nausea and vomiting
- constricted pupils
- watery eyes and itching
- low and shallow breathing
- clammy skin
- impaired respiration
- possible death
Narcotics can be:
- smoked or eaten, such as opium
- injected, taken orally or smoked, such as morphine
- inhaled, injected or smoked, such as heroin
- Tolerance to narcotics develops rapidly and addiction is likely.
- The use of contaminated syringes may result in diseases such as HIV/AIDS, endocarditis and hepatitis.
- Addiction in pregnant women can lead to premature, stillborn or addicted infants who experience severe withdrawal symptoms.
Opiates also are known as: heroin, smack, horse, brown sugar and black tar.
- Employees who fall under Federal guidelines such as the Department of Transportations testing regulations are prohibited from using opiates without a current medical prescription.
- Many employers also have work rules requiring the employee to disclose if they are taking any sedating medications that could impact their ability to work safely.
- The addictive nature and cost can lead to workplace theft and/or dealing.
- Mental clouding and drowsiness pose a fitness-for-duty concern.