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TABLE E8

Number of Active Participants in Pension Plans
by type of plan, 1978-1997
(numbers in thousands)
Year Total Plans Single employer Plans 1/ Multiemployer Plans 2/
Total Defined
Benefit
Defined
Contribution
Total Defined
Benefit
Defined
Contribution
Total Defined
Benefit
Defined
Contribution
1978 44,664 29,036 15,628 37,717 22,433 15,284 6,947 6,603 344
1979 46,929 29,440 17,489 39,799 22,757 17,041 7,130 6,683 447
1980 49,026 30,133 18,893 42,079 23,705 18,374 6,947 6,428 519
1981 50,826 30,082 20,743 43,821 23,701 20,120 7,005 6,381 623
1982 53,204 29,756 23,448 46,344 23,630 22,714 6,860 6,126 734
a
1983 57,808 29,964 27,844 50,911 23,877 27,034 6,897 6,087 810
1984 60,775 30,172 30,603 54,044 24,315 29,729 6,732 5,857 875
1985 62,268 29,024 33,244 55,778 23,465 32,313 6,491 5,559 931
1986 63,290 28,670 34,620 56,723 23,270 33,453 6,566 5,400 1,167
1987 63,392 28,432 34,959 56,846 23,170 33,676 6,546 5,262 1,284
a
1988 62,142 28,081 34,062 55,464 22,867 32,596 6,678 5,213 1,465
1989 61,294 27,304 33,990 54,300 21,892 32,408 6,994 5,412 1,582
1990 61,831 26,344 35,488 55,409 21,386 34,022 6,422 4,957 1,465
1991 61,517 25,747 35,771 55,048 20,833 34,215 6,469 4,914 1,555
1992 64,231 25,362 38,868 57,940 20,771 37,170 6,290 4,592 1,699
a
1993 64,746 25,127 39,619 58,596 20,670 37,926 6,150 4,458 1,692
1994 64,972 24,615 40,357 58,889 20,215 38,674 6,083 4,400 1,682
1995 66,193 23,531 42,662 59,894 19,005 40,889 6,299 4,525 1,773
1996 67,888 23,262 44,625 61,417 18,681 42,736 6,470 4,581 1,889
1997 70,724 22,745 47,979 64,088 18,118 45,970 6,637 4,628 2,009

1/ Includes single employer plans, plans of controlled groups of corporations, and multiple-employer noncollectively bargained plans.
2/ Includes multiemployer plans and multiple-employer collectively bargained plans.
NOTE: The number of participants includes double counting of workers in more than one plan.
SOURCE: Form 5500 series reports filed with the Internal Revenue Service for 1978-97 plan years.

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