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TABLE E4

Estimated Private Wage and Salary Worker Participation Rates Under Primary and Supplemental Pension Plans
1978-1997 1/
(workers in thousands)
Year Number of Wage
and Salary
Workers
Workers Covered by a
Primary Defined
Benefit Plan
Workers Covered by a
Primary Defined
Contribution Plan
Workers Covered by a
Supplemental Defined
Contribution Plan(s)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
1978 75,939 28,613 38 5,424 7 8,258 11
1979 78,058 29,008 37 5,790 7 9,368 12
1980 78,349 29,736 38 6,203 8 10,134 13
1981 80,282 29,687 37 7,224 9 10,629 13
1982 82,318 29,361 36 8,120 10 12,087 15
a
1983 84,410 29,576 35 9,395 11 14,191 17
1984 86,732 29,812 34 9,902 11 15,303 18
1985 88,293 28,894 33 11,550 13 16,018 18
1986 90,267 28,536 32 12,672 14 16,188 18
1987 91,559 28,347 31 13,437 15 16,110 18
a
1988 93,012 27,864 30 14,106 15 15,180 16
1989 94,448 27,240 29 15,485 16 15,242 16
1990 94,772 26,323 28 16,116 17 15,671 17
1991 94,959 25,701 27 17,133 18 15,287 16
1992 96,577 25,318 26 19,474 20 16,300 17
a
1993 97,749 25,091 26 19,780 20 16,621 17
1994 101,077 24,591 24 20,948 21 16,516 16
1995 102,162 23,531 23 23,038 23 16,482 16
1996 104,313 23,262 22 24,173 23 17,199 16
1997 106,955 22,724 21 27,045 25 18,531 17

1/ For workers covered under both a defined benefit and a defined contribution plan, the defined benefit plan is designated as the primary plan unless the plan name indicates it provides supplemental or only past service benefits.
SOURCES: Number of workers taken from Employment and Earnings, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. These numbers include both employed (full and part-time) and unemployed wage and salary workers. The number of workers in primary and supplemental plans are estimates derived from annual Form 5500 reports filed with the Internal Revenue Service for 1978-97 plan years.

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