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TABLE E2
Number of Pension Plans with Fewer Than 100 Participants
by type of plan, 1978-1997
YEAR Total Plans Single Employer Plans 1/ Multiemployer Plans 2/
Total Defined
Benefit
Defined
Contribution
Total Defined
Benefit
Defined
Contribution
Total Defined
Benefit
Defined
Contribution
1978 408,665 105,474 303,191 408,401 105,323 303,078 265 151 113
1979 435,334 116,143 319,191 435,053 115,954 319,099 281 189 92
1980 451,046 123,591 327,455 450,740 123,340 327,400 306 251 55
1981 505,368 142,304 363,064 505,109 142,165 362,944 259 139 120
1982 552,258 149,600 402,658 551,899 149,391 402,508 359 309 150
a
1983 558,146 149,164 408,982 557,847 148,955 408,892 299 209 90
1984 558,943 142,912 416,031 558,649 142,699 415,950 293 213 81
1985 583,476 145,430 438,046 583,171 145,292 437,879 305 138 167
1986 666,669 148,168 518,501 666,424 148,005 518,419 245 163 82
1987 681,238 139,644 541,594 680,921 139,472 541,449 310 169 141
a
1988 675,525 123,146 552,378 675,117 122,962 552,154 408 184 224
1989 675,706 111,048 564,658 675,470 110,941 564,529 236 107 129
1990 659,144 93,821 565,323 658,848 93,730 565,118 296 91 205
1991 645,517 83,298 562,218 645,182 83,181 562,001 334 117 217
1992 650,282 69,883 580,399 649,924 69,778 580,146 358 104 253
a
1993 642,615 64,937 577,678 642,196 64,799 577,396 419 137 282
1994 628,707 56,322 572,385 628,307 56,134 572,173 399 188 212
1995 631,117 52,405 578,712 630,780 52,311 578,469 337 94 243
1996 632,520 47,104 585,416 632,069 46,941 585,128 451 163 288
1997 653,696 43,647 610,049 653,347 43,519 609,828 350 128 222

1/ Includes single employer plans, plans of controlled groups of corporations, and multiple-employer noncollectively bargained plans.
2/ Includes multiemployer plans and multiple-employer collectively bargained plans.
SOURCE: Form 5500 series reports filed with the Internal Revenue Service for 1978-97 plan years.

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