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TABLE E11

Pension Plan Assets
by type of plan, 1978-1997 1/
(amounts in millions)
Year Total Plans Single Employer Plans 2/ Multiemployer Plans 3/
Total Defined
Benefit
Defined
Contribution
Total Defined
Benefit
Defined
Contribution
Total Defined
Benefit
Defined
Contribution
1978 $377,195 $272,684 $104,511 $343,183 $239,884 $103,299 $34,012 $32,800 $1,211
1979 445,430 319,595 125,835 404,724 280,326 124,398 40,706 39,269 1,437
1980 563,551 401,455 162,096 514,583 353,967 160,616 48,968 47,488 1,480
1981 628,916 444,376 184,540 572,101 389,846 182,615 56,814 54,890 1,924
1982 788,987 553,419 235,567 716,281 483,536 232,744 72,706 69,883 2,823
a
1983 923,470 642,359 281,111 843,693 566,369 277,323 79,777 75,990 3,788
1984 1,044,592 700,669 343,922 947,373 608,703 338,670 97,212 91,966 5,246
1985 1,252,739 826,117 426,622 1,136,417 716,107 420,310 116,322 110,010 6,312
1986 1,382,910 895,073 487,837 1,251,034 772,205 478,830 131,876 122,868 9,008
1987 1,402,488 877,269 525,219 1,266,694 751,475 515,219 135,794 125,794 10,000
a
1988 1,503,635 911,982 591,653 1,351,845 772,381 579,464 151,790 139,601 12,189
1989 1,675,597 987,971 687,626 1,505,319 832,148 673,171 170,278 155,822 14,455
1990 1,674,139 961,904 712,236 1,496,300 798,167 698,133 177,839 163,737 14,102
1991 1,936,271 1,101,987 834,284 1,743,190 926,424 816,766 193,080 175,562 17,518
1992 2,094,087 1,146,798 947,289 1,879,033 955,621 923,412 215,053 191,177 23,877
a
1993 2,316,272 1,248,180 1,068,092 2,091,468 1,049,915 1,041,553 224,804 198,265 26,540
1994 2,298,556 1,210,856 1,087,700 2,070,804 1,010,275 1,060,529 227,752 200,581 27,171
1995 2,723,735 1,402,079 1,321,657 2,458,153 1,163,416 1,294,737 265,582 238,663 26,920
1996 3,136,281 1,585,397 1,550,884 2,837,125 1,316,599 1,520,526 299,156 268,798 30,358
1997 3,553,757 1,735,604 1,818,152 3,213,304 1,432,788 1,780,516 340,452 302,816 37,636

1/ Asset amounts shown exclude funds held by life insurance companies under allocated group insurance contracts for payment of retirement benefits. These excluded funds make up roughly 10 to 15 percent of total private fund assets.
2/ Includes single employer plans, plans of controlled groups of corporations, and multiple-employer noncollectively bargained plans.
3/ Includes multiemployer plans and multiple-employer collectively bargained plans.
SOURCE: Form 5500 series reports filed with the Internal Revenue Service for 1978-97 plan years.

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