Youth & Labor
The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) sets 14 years of age as the minimum age for employment, but restricts hours of work and allowable occupations for 14- and 15-year-olds. Rules and prohibited jobs vary depending on the age of the youth worker and his or her occupation.
Hazardous work. The FLSA prohibits minors under age 18 years old to work in any occupation that it deems to be hazardous. Among these occupations are excavation, manufacturing explosives, mining, and operating many types of power-driven equipment. Certain industries allow minors under age 18 to perform certain tasks at worksites whose primary work activity is dangerous, but these tasks are very specific and the state and federal government closely monitor compliance.
Different age requirements apply to the employment of minors in agriculture. Minors under age 16 may not engage in occupations involving the operation of corn pickers, grain combines, and power post-hole diggers, and other types of farm equipment.
Child labor laws vary from state to state. Please consult your state department of labor for this information.
What Is the Youngest Age At
Which A Person Can Be Employed?
elaws Fair Labor
Standards Act (FLSA) Advisor Child Labor Rules
Exceptions for Minors Employed as Drivers
Federal Child Labor Provisions to Grocery Stores Fact Sheet
Federal Child Labor Provisions to Amusement Parks and Recreation Establishments
State Departments of Labor
Laws & Regulations on This Topic