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Flexible Staffing Arrangements

A Report on Temporary Help, On-Call, Direct-Hire Temporary, Leased, Contract Company, and Independent Contractor Employment in the United States

Susan N. Houseman
August 1999

Table 7. Reasons for Using Flexible Work Arrangements.(a) [Text Version]

Agency Temporaries

Direct-hire Temporaries

On-call Workers

Reasons Concerning Staffing Levels

Fill vacancy until regular employee is hired

46.6

20.5

26.0

Fill in for absent regular employee who is sick, on vacation, or on family medical leave

47.0

30.0

69.3

Seasonal needs

28.1

54.8

29.3

Provide needed assistance during peak- time hours of the day or week

14.2

--

37.3

Provide needed assistance at time of unexpected increases in business

52.2

31.0

50.7

Special projects

36.0

37.6

26.0

Other Reasons

Screen job candidates for regular jobs

21.3

9.0

8.0

Save on wage and/or benefit costs

11.5

8.1

6.0

Provide needed assistance during company restructuring or merger

7.5

6.2

6.0

Fill positions with temporary agency workers for more than one year

5.1

--

--

Save on training costs

5.1

--

--

Special expertise possessed by this type of worker

10.3

15.7

16.0

Sample size

253

210

150

(a) Percent responding a particular factor important.

Source: Upjohn Institute survey on Flexible Staffing Arrangements.

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