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Flexible Staffing Arrangements

A Report on Temporary Help, On-Call, Direct-Hire Temporary, Leased, Contract Company, and Independent Contractor Employment in the United States

Susan N. Houseman
August 1999

Table 5. Percent of Workers with Low Wages and Incomes by Work Arrangement [Text Version]

Working Arrangement

Hourly Wage
$4.25-$5.15(a)

Percent Below Poverty (b)

Near Poverty
(100%-125% of Poverty Line) (b)

Agency Temporaries

9.3

14.2

7.5

On-call or Day Laborers

13.9

12.0

4.2

Independent Contractors

4.3

7.7

3.1

Contract Company Workers

5.5

6.7

4.8

Other Short-term Direct Hires

17.9

10.9

4.2

Other Self-Employed

6.0

7.5

2.3

Regular Employees

7.0

4.8

2.7

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