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Flexible Staffing Arrangements

A Report on Temporary Help, On-Call, Direct-Hire Temporary, Leased, Contract Company, and Independent Contractor Employment in the United States

Susan N. Houseman
August 1999

Table 3. Occupation and Industry Distribution of Employment by Work Arrangement (in percent) [Text Version]

 

Agency Temporaries

On-call or Day Laborers

Independent Contractors

Contract Company Workers

Other Direct Hire Temporaries

Other Self- Employed

Regular Employees

Occupation

             

Executive, Adm.

6.9

2.7

20.7

8.6

7.6

24.1

13.7

Professional

6.6

20.9

17.9

20.3

26.5

13.0

15.1

Technical

5.8

4.0

0.8

6.8

3.2

0.7

3.6

Sales

1.7

6.6

17.9

3.0

5.3

20.7

11.3

Administrative Support

34.1

8.6

3.9

5.5

20.2

5.4

15.8

Services

9.0

20.2

9.1

28.4

15.2

10.0

13.6

Precision Production

5.2

15.0

17.9

19.7

8.6

7.5

10.5

Operators

17.1

2.2

1.6

1.8

4.0

1.7

7.0

Transportation Occupations

3.5

8.5

4.4

2.5

1.6

1.6

4.3

Laborers

8.6

8.6

0.8

3.3

4.8

0.6

3.8

Farming & Forestry

1.6

2.8

5.1

0.2

2.9

14.7

1.4

Industry

             

Agriculture

0.0

3.3

5.7

0.0

2.3

15.3

1.3

Mining & Construction

4.0

16.3

20.9

6.0

9.1

5.8

5.3

Manufacturing

33.8

5.3

4.8

19.3

7.2

6.3

18.6

Transportation, Communication, Utilities

7.3

8.1

5.1

14.0

3.5

3.7

7.4

Trade

21.7

14.1

13.6

12.7

11.5

26.2

21.1

Finance Insurance & Real Estate

7.8

1.6

8.4

7.6

2.6

5.4

6.6

Services

25.5

47.5

41.1

24.6

57.5

37.1

34.6

Public Administration

0.0

3.8

0.2

13.8

6.2

0.0

5.1

Source: Author’s tabulations from February 1997 CPS Supplement on Contingent and Alternative Work Arrangements.

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