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U.S. Department of Labor Futurework
  Trends and Challenges for Work in the 21st Century
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Flexible Staffing Arrangements

A Report on Temporary Help, On-Call, Direct-Hire Temporary, Leased, Contract Company, and Independent Contractor Employment in the United States

Susan N. Houseman
August 1999

9.5 Family and Medical Leave Act

Under the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, employers must provide employees with up to 12 weeks of job-protected, unpaid leave during any 12-month period to care for a new born or adopted child, recuperate from a serious health condition, or care for an immediate family member who has a serious health condition. Employers with fewer than 50 employees during the preceding 20 calendar weeks are exempt. To qualify for FMLA leave, an employee must have worked at least 1200 hours during the 12 months immediately preceding the date the leave commences. Thus, many part-time and temporary workers are not eligible for FMLA leave. Independent contractors are not protected by FMLA.

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