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U.S. Department of Labor Futurework
  Trends and Challenges for Work in the 21st Century
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Helping Families with Young Children
Navigate Work and Family Life *

by
Ellen Galinsky
James T. Bond
Families and Work Institute

TABLE 7: ACCESS TO DEPENDENT CARE ASSISTANCE PLANS
BY EMPLOYED PARENTS WITH CHILDREN UNDER SIX

Employee Group: All Parents (n=513)
Access to DCAP's: 31%
No Access to DCAP's: 69%
Significance (df,test):

Employee Group: Hourly earnings
Access to DCAP's:
No Access to DCAP's:
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: $7.70 or less(n=115)
Access to DCAP's: 20%
No Access to DCAP's: 80%
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: $7.71-$19.25 (n=242)
Access to DCAP's: 28
No Access to DCAP's: 72
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: More than $19.25 (n=123)
Access to DCAP's: 43
No Access to DCAP's: 57
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: Family income
Access to DCAP's:
No Access to DCAP's:
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: Less than @28.7K (n=109)
Access to DCAP's: 13
No Access to DCAP's: 87
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: $28.7K-$71.5K (n=269)
Access to DCAP's: 30
No Access to DCAP's: 70
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: $71.6K or more (n=116)
Access to DCAP's: 45
No Access to DCAP's: 55
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: Marital status
Access to DCAP's:
No Access to DCAP's:
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, p X2)

Employee Group: Married/partnered (n=438)
Access to DCAP's: 32
No Access to DCAP's: 68
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, p X2)

Employee Group: Single (n=73)
Access to DCAP's: 20.5
No Access to DCAP's: 79.5
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, p X2)

Employee Group: US employees
Access to DCAP's:
No Access to DCAP's:
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: Fewer than 50 (n=159)
Access to DCAP's: 13
No Access to DCAP's: 87
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: 50-999 (n=151)
Access to DCAP's: 27
No Access to DCAP's: 73
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Employee Group: 1000 or more (n=210)
Access to DCAP's: 47
No Access to DCAP's: 53
Significance (df,test): *** (df=1, M-H X2)

Significance Levels: * p<.05;** p<.01; *** p<.001. Tests: P c2=Pearson c 2; M-H c 2=Mantel-Haenszel c 2.
Source: Families and Work Institute, 1997 National Study of the Changing Workforce

Return to TABLE 7: ACCESS TO DEPENDENT CARE ASSISTANCE PLANS
BY EMPLOYED PARENTS WITH CHILDREN UNDER SIX