Skip to page content
Office of the Secretary
Bookmark and Share

Functional Literacy and Labor Market Outcomes

Robert I. Lerman and Stefanie R. Schmidt

The Urban Institute
100 M Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037

June 1999


Text Only Table 4: Effects of Education, Literacy, and Other Variables on the Employment of Males, Ages 25-24: 1992
Independent Variables

Age
Age Model 1 -0.003 Model 2 (Marginal Effect) 0.004 Model 3 -0.013
Age Squared Model 1 0.000 Model 2 (Marginal Effect) 0.000 Model 3 0.000
Age cubed Model 1 0.000 Model 2 (Marginal Effect) 0.000 Model 3 0.000

Race/Ethnicity
Black Model 1 -0.032** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) -0.0048** Model 3 -0.026**
Hispanic Model 1 -0.012 Model 2 (Marginal Effect) -0.021 Model 3 -0.016
Other Race/Ethnicity Model 1 0.003 Model 2 (Marginal Effect) -0.006 Model 3 0.010

Birth Place
Foreign born Model 1 0.004 Model 2 (Marginal Effect) -0.001 Model 3 0.010

Regional Location
Live in the Midwest Model 1 0.029** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) 0.029** Model 3 0.028**
Live in the South Model 1 0.031** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) 0.032** Model 3 0.028**
Live in the West Model 1 0.010 Model 2 (Marginal Effect) 0.014 Model 3 0.007

Education
Less than a High School Education Model 1 -0.039** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) -0.045** Model 3 N/A
GED Education Model 1 -0.065** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) -0.071** Model 3 N/A
Some Post-secondary Education Model 1 0.000 Model 2 (Marginal Effect) 0.001 Model 3 N/A
College Education Model 1 0.028** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) 0.050** Model 3 N/A

Functional Literacy Level
Functional Literacy Level=1 Model 1 -0.017 Model 2 (Marginal Effect) N/A Model 3 -0.048**
Functional Literacy Level=2 Model 1 -0.036** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) N/A Model 3 -0.051**
Functional Literacy Level=4 or 5 Model 1 0.029** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) N/A Model 3 0.044**

Marital Status
Married and Living with Spouse 1Model 1 0.052** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) 0.057** Model 3 0.050**

Health
Physical Disability Model 1 -0.071** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) -0.079** Model 3 -0.078**
Poor Health Model 1-0.038** Model 2 (Marginal Effect) -0.041** Model 3 -0.044**

  1. Includes individuals who are not married but are in a living situation similar to marriage.

Note: Model 1 (obs=5996), Model 2 (obs=5996), Model 3 (obs=6008).
** Indicates significance at the 5 percent level.
* Indicates significance at the 10 percent level.


Return to Tables