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Women’s Employment During the Recovery — Text Only Charts

Chart 1: Unemployment rate for Men and Women (Seasonally adjusted, monthly data, ages 16 and older, Jan 2007 - Mar 2011)

 

Men

Women

2007 - Jan

4.7

4.5

2007 - Feb

4.7

4.3

2007 - Mar

4.5

4.3

2007 - Apr

4.6

4.4

2007 - May

4.6

4.3

2007 - Jun

4.7

4.4

2007 - Jul

4.7

4.6

2007 - Aug

4.7

4.6

2007 - Sep

4.8

4.6

2007 - Oct

4.9

4.6

2007 - Nov

4.8

4.6

2007 - Dec

5.1

4.9

2008 - Jan

5.2

4.8

2008 - Feb

5

4.7

2008 - Mar

5.2

4.9

2008 - Apr

5.1

4.7

2008 - May

5.6

5.2

2008 - Jun

5.8

5.3

2008 - Jul

6.2

5.3

2008 - Aug

6.3

5.9

2008 - Sep

6.7

5.5

2008 - Oct

7.2

5.9

2008 - Nov

7.4

6.2

2008 - Dec

8

6.5

2009 - Jan

8.5

6.9

2009 - Feb

9.1

7.3

2009 - Mar

9.6

7.5

2009 - Apr

10

7.6

2009 - May

10.6

8

2009 - Jun

10.6

8.3

2009 - Jul

10.6

8.3

2009 - Aug

10.9

8.3

2009 - Sep

11

8.5

2009 - Oct

11.4

8.7

2009 - Nov

11.1

8.5

2009 - Dec

10.9

8.8

2010 - Jan

10.8

8.4

2010 - Feb

10.7

8.6

2010 - Mar

10.7

8.6

2010 - Apr

10.7

8.7

2010 - May

10.4

8.8

2010 - Jun

10.5

8.3

2010 - Jul

10.4

8.5

2010 - Aug

10.5

8.6

2010 - Sep

10.4

8.6

2010 - Oct

10.4

8.8

2010 - Nov

10.5

8.9

2010 - Dec

10.1

8.7

2011 - Jan

9.5

8.5

2011 - Feb

9.3

8.5

2011 - Mar

9.3

8.3

 

Peak Unemployment

Percent

Men Peak Unemployment
October 2009

11.4%

Female Peak Unemployment
November 2010

8.9%




Chart 2: Unemployment rate for Adult and Young Women (Seasonally adjusted, monthly data, ages 16 and older, Jan 2007 - Mar 2011)

 

Adult Women (20 and older)

Youth Women (ages 16-19)

2007 - Jan

4.0

13.8

2007 - Feb

3.8

13.3

2007 - Mar

3.8

13.6

2007 - Apr

3.9

14.5

2007 - May

3.8

14.1

2007 - Jun

3.9

13.9

2007 - Jul

4.2

13.4

2007 - Aug

4.1

14.0

2007 - Sep

4.1

13.6

2007 - Oct

4.1

13.3

2007 - Nov

4.1

13.5

2007 - Dec

4.4

14.2

2008 - Jan

4.3

14.5

2008 - Feb

4.2

14.6

2008 - Mar

4.5

14.3

2008 - Apr

4.2

14.4

2008 - May

4.6

16.9

2008 - Jun

4.7

16.8

2008 - Jul

4.7

17.3

2008 - Aug

5.4

17.0

2008 - Sep

5.0

17.1

2008 - Oct

5.4

15.9

2008 - Nov

5.7

16.6

2008 - Dec

6.0

18.1

2009 - Jan

6.4

17.5

2009 - Feb

6.8

18.6

2009 - Mar

7.0

18.3

2009 - Apr

7.1

18.0

2009 - May

7.5

19.0

2009 - Jun

7.7

22.2

2009 - Jul

7.7

20.8

2009 - Aug

7.7

21.2

2009 - Sep

7.9

22.1

2009 - Oct

8.1

23.7

2009 - Nov

7.9

23.0

2009 - Dec

8.2

22.9

2010 - Jan

7.8

21.9

2010 - Feb

8.0

22.2

2010 - Mar

8.0

22.4

2010 - Apr

8.2

21.5

2010 - May

8.1

24.7

2010 - Jun

7.8

22.2

2010 - Jul

7.9

23.2

2010 - Aug

8.0

22.9

2010 - Sep

8.0

22.8

2010 - Oct

8.1

24.8

2010 - Nov

8.3

22.3

2010 - Dec

8.1

22.8

2011 - Jan

7.9

24.0

2011 - Feb

8.0

21.8

2011 - Mar

7.7

22.7

 

Peak Unemployment

Percent

Young Women (ages 16-19)
Peak Unemployment
October 2010

24.8%

Adult Women (ages 20 and older)
Peak Unemployment
November 2010

8.3%




Chart 3: Unemployment rate for Men and Women, by Educational Attainment, (2010 annual average, ages 25 years and older)

 

Male Unemployment Rate

Female Unemployment Rate

Less than a High School diploma

15.0%

14.6%

High School graduates

11.3%

11.3%

Some college or Associate degree

9.0%

7.8%

Bachelor's degree or higher

4.8%

4.7%




Chart 4: Employment-Population Ratio for Men and Women (Seasonally adjusted, monthly data, ages 16 and older, Jan 2007 - Mar 2011)

 

Men

Women

2007 - Jan

70.3

56.8

2007 - Feb

70.1

56.8

2007 - Mar

70.2

56.9

2007 - Apr

70

56.4

2007 - May

69.9

56.6

2007 - Jun

69.8

56.7

2007 - Jul

69.6

56.6

2007 - Aug

69.4

56.5

2007 - Sep

69.5

56.8

2007 - Oct

69.3

56.5

2007 - Nov

69.6

56.6

2007 - Dec

69.4

56.5

2008 - Jan

69.6

56.7

2008 - Feb

69.5

56.5

2008 - Mar

69.3

56.6

2008 - Apr

69.2

56.6

2008 - May

69

56.5

2008 - Jun

68.8

56.4

2008 - Jul

68.6

56.2

2008 - Aug

68.3

56.1

2008 - Sep

68.1

56.1

2008 - Oct

67.7

56.1

2008 - Nov

67.3

55.8

2008 - Dec

66.7

55.6

2009 - Jan

66.2

55.3

2009 - Feb

65.8

55.2

2009 - Mar

65.1

55

2009 - Apr

65

55

2009 - May

64.8

54.7

2009 - Jun

64.6

54.5

2009 - Jul

64.4

54.4

2009 - Aug

64.2

54.2

2009 - Sep

63.9

53.9

2009 - Oct

63.6

53.7

2009 - Nov

63.6

53.8

2009 - Dec

63.3

53.5

2010 - Jan

63.4

53.9

2010 - Feb

63.5

53.8

2010 - Mar

63.7

53.8

2010 - Apr

64

53.8

2010 - May

64

53.7

2010 - Jun

63.8

53.6

2010 - Jul

63.8

53.4

2010 - Aug

63.8

53.5

2010 - Sep

63.8

53.5

2010 - Oct

63.6

53.3

2010 - Nov

63.4

53.3

2010 - Dec

63.6

53.3

2011 - Jan

63.7

53.3

2011 - Feb

63.9

53.2

2011 - Mar

63.9

53.5




Chart 5: Labor Force Participation rate of Women, by race and ethnicity (Annual averages, 1975-2010, ages 16 and older)

 

White

Black

Asian

Hispanic

Total

1975

45.9

48.8

 

43.2

46.3

1976

46.9

49.8

 

44.3

47.3

1977

48

50.8

 

44.3

48.4

1978

49.4

53.1

 

46.6

50

1979

50.5

53.1

 

47.4

50.9

1980

51.2

53.1

 

47.4

51.5

1981

51.9

53.5

 

48.3

52.1

1982

52.4

53.7

 

48.1

52.6

1983

52.7

54.2

 

47.7

52.9

1984

53.3

55.2

 

49.6

53.6

1985

54.1

56.5

 

49.3

54.5

1986

55

56.9

 

50.1

55.3

1987

55.7

58

 

52

56

1988

56.4

58

 

53.2

56.6

1989

57.2

58.7

 

53.5

57.4

1990

57.4

58.3

 

53.1

57.5

1991

57.4

57.5

 

52.4

57.4

1992

57.7

58.5

 

52.8

57.8

1993

58

57.9

 

52.1

57.9

1994

58.9

58.7

 

52.9

58.8

1995

59

59.5

 

52.6

58.9

1996

59.1

60.4

 

53.4

59.3

1997

59.5

61.7

 

55.1

59.8

1998

59.4

62.8

 

55.6

59.8

1999

59.6

63.5

 

55.9

60

2000

59.5

63.1

59.2

57.5

59.9

2001

59.4

62.8

59

57.6

59.8

2002

59.3

61.8

59.1

57.6

59.6

2003

59.2

61.9

58.3

55.9

59.5

2004

58.9

61.5

57.6

56.1

59.2

2005

58.9

61.6

58.2

55.3

59.3

2006

59

61.7

58.3

56.1

59.4

2007

59

61.1

58.6

56.5

59.3

2008

59.2

61.3

59.4

56.2

59.5

2009

59.1

60.3

58.2

56.5

59.2

2010

58.5

59.9

57

56.5

58.6




Chart 6: Cumulative Lost Earnings by Full-Time Working Women in Fourth Quarter of 2010

 

25 years old

35 years old

45 years old

55 years old

65 years old

Earnings

-$6,000

-$28,000

-$122,000

-$243,000

-$379,000




Chart 7: Female Unemployment by State — 2010 Annual Averages

State

Persons

Female Unemployment

Alabama

50,000 — 99,999 persons

9.5%

Alaska

0 — 24,999 persons

6.8%

Arizona

100,000 — 199,999 persons

9.4%

Arkansas

50,000 — 99,999 persons

8.7%

California

200,000 and more persons

11.3%

Colorado

100,000 — 199,999 persons

8.3%

Connecticut

50,000 — 99,999 persons

8.4%

Delaware

0 — 24,999 persons

7.4%

District of Columbia

0 — 24,999 persons

8.6%

Florida

200,000 and more persons

9.7%

Georgia

200,000 and more persons

9.5%

Hawaii

0 — 24,999 persons

6.1%

Idaho

25,000 — 49,999 persons

8.1%

Illinois

200,000 and more persons

8.8%

Indiana

100,000 — 199,999 persons

9.7%

Iowa

25,000 — 49,999 persons

5.5%

Kansas

25,000 — 49,999 persons

6.7%

Kentucky

50,000 — 99,999 persons

9.4%

Louisiana

50,000 — 99,999 persons

8.0%

Maine

0 — 24,999 persons

7.5%

Maryland

100,000 — 199,999 persons

7.4%

Massachusetts

100,000 — 199,999 persons

7.5%

Michigan

200,000 and more persons

9.9%

Minnesota

50,000 — 99,999 persons

5.8%

Mississippi

50,000 — 99,999 persons

9.6%

Missouri

100,000 — 199,999 persons

8.8%

Montana

0 — 24,999 persons

5.9%

Nebraska

0 — 24,999 persons

4.4%

Nevada

50,000 — 99,999 persons

12.7%

New Hampshire

0 — 24,999 persons

5.1%

New Jersey

100,000 — 199,999 persons

8.8%

New Mexico

25,000 — 49,999 persons

6.8%

New York

200,000 and more persons

7.7%

North Carolina

100,000 — 199,999 persons

9.1%

North Dakota

0 — 24,999 persons

3.5%

Ohio

200,000 and more persons

8.5%

Oklahoma

50,000 — 99,999 persons

6.6%

Oregon

50,000 — 99,999 persons

9.7%

Pennsylvania

200,000 and more persons

7.6%

Rhode Island

25,000 — 49,999 persons

10.5%

South Carolina

50,000 — 99,999 persons

9.6%

South Dakota

0 — 24,999 persons

4.2%

Tennessee

100,000 — 199,999 persons

7.7%

Texas

200,000 and more persons

7.9%

Utah

25,000 — 49,999 persons

6.6%

Vermont

0 — 24,999 persons

5.2%

Virginia

100,000 — 199,999 persons

6.7%

Washington

100,000 — 199,999 persons

8.9%

West Virginia

25,000 — 49,999 persons

7.1%

Wisconsin

100,000 — 199,999 persons

7.7%

Wyoming

0 — 24,999 persons

6.1%